North Korea has claimed that it has conducted a hydrogen bomb test.
“The test took place at 10 a.m. local time”, the regime said in a televised statement and a document signed by North Korea’s leader, Kim Jong Un, seen in footage aired on North Korean state television, read: “Make the world to look up to our strong nuclear country and labor party by opening the year with (the) exciting noise of the first hydrogen bomb!”
The announcement has sparked regional tension but according to the North Korean state news agency “If there’s no invasion on our sovereignty we will not use nuclear weapon,”
If confirmed, the test would be the fourth time Pyongyang has exploded a nuclear device but it would be the first time will be a first for the reclusive regime to test a H-Bomb. South Korea’s presidential office held an emergency meeting and later said the government would take all possible measures in response to the apparent test.
Before the announcement, South Korea’s meteorological agency had noted that the North was likely to have conducted a nuclear test after a 5.1 magnitude earthquake was detected near a known test site in the secretive and isolated state
Seoul’s National Intelligence Service reported to lawmakers that it might not be an H-bomb, considering the force and the seismic wave. Lee Choel-woo, a ruling Saenuri party’s lawmaker had stated to journalists that “The power of third nuclear test was 7.9 kilotons, but this time was 6.0 kiloton. The seismic wave of the third test was 4.9, while it is 4.8 this time,”
According to Kim Tae-woo, former president of the Korea Institution of National Unification North Korea has never ceased nuclear development, as well as the missiles or submarines to carry (the devices).
An atomic bomb is triggered by breaking up very large atoms (Uranium or Plutonium) in a super-critical chain reaction.
A hydrogen bomb, or a thermonuclear bomb, uses fusion in a chain reaction. The requirement to start a fusion reaction, is that it requires enormous energy levels (heat) in order to trigger it and the only way to generate this energy is with an atomic bomb.Therefore a hydrogen bomb includes an atomic bomb inside the core. The atomic bomb is , in this case,the trigger. A hydrogen bomb, or a thermonuclear bomb is possibly much more powerful than an atomic bomb
Eom Sang-yoon, a nuclear weapon researcher from Sejong Institute, however has said that the U.S., Russia, U.K., France and China all successfully conducted hydrogen bomb tests about three to five years after their nuclear bomb test and as North Korea conducted their first successful nuclear test in 2006, the country had at least 10 years of time for development, which is double than most of the previous countries.